Ibrahim Samir Tbeil
Year 24
Month 06
Day 07
Satmar

Satmar (Hasidic dynasty)


Satmar Hasidism is a branch of ultra-orthodox Judaism founded by Rabbi Yoel Teitelbaum (1887-1979) 
The movement includes most of holocaust survivors, especially Hungarian Jews and their descendants. Two sects of the largest categories related to Satmar movement reside in Williamsburg, Brooklyn and New York.
In Palestine he founded a network of yeshivas. As a result of financial difficulties, he traveled to New York to raise money for the seminaries. As the founding of the State of Israel was taking place, his American followers convinced him to stay in New York.
The largest anti-Zionist Hasidic group is Satmar, which has around 130,000 adherents worldwide. Due to high birth rates of follower of Hasidism, their population is increasing rapidly.

 

 

Following the war and time in a Displaced Persons camp, Rabbi Yoel Teitelbaum emigrated to the British Mandate of Palestine.
In Palestine he founded a network of yeshivas. As a result of financial difficulties, he traveled to New York to raise money for the seminaries. As the founding of the State of Israel was taking place, his American followers convinced him to stay in New York.

 

History
Joel was not survived by any children - all his three daughters died in his lifetime. After prolonged vacillations by the community board, his nephew Moshe Teitelbaum, Chaim Tzvi's second son, was appointed as successor.

Until the late 1990s, Moshe's heir apparent was his oldest son, Aaron Teitelbaum. In 1999, his third son, Zalman Teitelbaum, was recalled from his post as Satmar chief rabbi in Jerusalem and received the parallel post in the sect's largest enclave, Williamsburg. He was later proclaimed successor, and an often violent struggle between both brothers ensued. Aaron resided in Kiryas Joel, New York, where he was considered as the local authority, while Zalman held sway in Williamsburg.

 

 

Following Moshe's death in 2006, both groups of followers announced their candidate was named successor in his will and declared them Rebbes. Since then, Zalman and Aaron have been engaged in prolonged judicial disputes. The sect has effectively been split into two independent ones.

 

Opposition to Zionism
Satmar opposition to the State of Israel is based on their belief that the creation of a Jewish State by Jews is blasphemy. They believe the Jews should wait for God to send the Messiah to return the Jewish people to the land of Israel. They also oppose the State because of its secular founders, leaders and character.

 


 

Teitelbaum's rabbinic authority and wealthy supporters in the United States made him the leader of the radical, anti-Zionist flank of the Orthodox Jewish world. He adopted a policy of utter non-recognition towards the State of Israel, banning his adherents residing there to vote in the elections or to affiliate in any way with the state's institutions. When he visited the country in 1959, a separate train was organized for him, with no Israeli markings. The educational network of Satmar and Edah HaChareidis, were fully independent and received funding from abroad. Satmar and allied elements refuse to receive social benefits or any other monetary aid from the government, and attack those non-Zionist Orthodox who do. He and his successors routinely condemned the Agudah and its supporters for taking part in Israeli politics. As to Religious Zionism, the Satmar Rebbe described its chief theologian, Abraham Isaac Kook, as "wicked adversary and enemy of our Holy Faith." In 1967, when the Western Wall and other holy places fell under Israel's control after the Six Day War, he reinforced his views in the 1968 pamphlet Concerning Redeeming and Concerning Changing, arguing the war was no miracle and forbade to pray in the Wall or in the other sites, as it will grant legitimacy to Israel's rule over them. While providing support for the otherwise unrelated Neturei Karta, Satmar has not always condoned its actions. Joel denounced them in 1967 when they cooperated with Arabs, and in 2006, the Rabbinic court of Zalman Leib's groups placed an anathema upon those who visited the International Conference to Review the Global Vision of the Holocaust.


telegram instagram twitter facebook
© Copyright COUNTDOWN2040 All Rights Reserved