Abdullah Taqatqa
Year 24
Month 06
Day 07
Ha-Edah ha-Charedit

Ha-Edah ha-Charedit

The Orthodox Council of Jerusalem, ha-Edah ha-Charedit, is a large Ultra-Orthodox Jewish communal organization based in Quds, with 7000-9000 of affiliated households.
Eda represent a large segment of the population Ashkenazi Haredi. The OCJ provides facilities such as dietary laws supervision, ritual baths, a Sabbath enclosure, and welfare services.
Ha-Edah ha-Charedit is known as Strong opposition to Zionism as a heretical stream and contrary to Jewish tradition.
Today, the movement is divided into two parts, Sephardic and Ashkenazi. While the views of Sephardic Edah about Zionism and the State of Zionist regime are similar to Ashkenazi Edah, they are not formally linked.
Ha-Edah ha-Charedit was established by rabbi  Yosef Chaim Sonnenfeld and rabbi Yitzchak Diskin in 1919 befor establish of Supreme Rabbinical Assembly by Zionist movement under the approval of Britain.

History

The British chose to create a new Zionist rabbinical hierarchy under the newly created Chief Rabbinate of Palestine, which later became the Chief Rabbinate of Israel. Rabbi Abraham Isaac Kook became the first Chief Rabbi in 1921. The Congregation, which was — and still is — strongly anti-Zionist, resisted these moves and opposed the new British-created Zionist Chief Rabbinate.

The anti-Zionist stance of the OCJ is ideologically derived from the book Vayoel Moshe, written by former President and Chief Rabbi Joel Teitelbaum, which is regarded as the standard, and by which all issues relating to the modern State of Israel are determined.

In 2002, the rabbinical leadership of the Edah wrote a complimentary introduction to Vayoel Moshe. The introduction mentioned: "and it is necessary to learn about this subject [of Zionism]... the holy book Vayoel Moshe will open [its readers'] eyes to see [the reasons behind] all troubles and horrors of our time, and will prevent readers from being drawn after the Zionist heresy, may the Merciful One save us."

In 2006, during a campaign against the participation of Haredim in the Israeli parliamentary elections, the Edah accused the Zionists of having played a role in the Holocaust.

Influence

Followers of the movements that constitute the Edah mainly live in the northern areas of Jerusalem and Beit Shemesh. The Edah publicizes a weekly magazine called Ha'Edah ("The Edah"), written in Hebrew. This magazine is used to publicize the views of the leadership of the Edah on various issues, as well as articles on Jewish thought, including the weekly Torah portion and biographies of deceased leaders of the Yerushalmi community.
It is worth noting that in response to violent Haredi protests in Jerusalem in 2009, Israel's then-President Shimon Peres described the Edah as "a radical minority".

Practical protests

Inspired by militant anti-Zionist ideology, it refuses to receive any state funding from the Israeli authorities or to endorse voting in the elections, relying on donations from fellow anti-Zionist ultra-Orthodox Jews abroad and its own income. Its members often engage in violent demonstrations against Sabbath desecration, autopsies, or archaeological excavations, which they all regard as sins, and are noted for their poverty and extreme religious strictness.

Conclusion

To cut a long story short, anti-Zionist Jewish movements have become a cultural and identity challenge for the Zionist regime and have called into question Legitimacy of the regime in the area of inter-religious discourse.


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